Virtual History

Virtual history, virtual archaeology

[See also the Virtual Museums section. This page is no longer maintained, its content now relocated to the web site for the Culture & Heritage Informatics module.]

“Why is the virtual reconstruction of an archaeological site so important? Because, over and above its strong popular impact, computer reconstruction allows the presentation of complex information in a visual way that enables it to be used to test and refine the image or model that has been created. It is very much more than a graphic reproduction; it is a simulation. And, because it is a simulation, it provides a non-intrusive and non-destructive means of exploring a model in three dimensions and from an infinite number of viewpoints. Furthermore, it allows objective verification to be made of possible interpretations of architecture, material culture, topography, palaeo-environmental data, restoration, museum display, and any number of other factors. This makes virtual reality a highly useful tool for enlarging our knowledge of a field that has hitherto been under-explored, perhaps because it is concerned with the past.”
Maurizio Forte, Introduction to Virtual Archaeology. London: Thames & Hudson, 1997

Readings

Colin Renfrew, Virtual Archaeology. London: Thames & Hudson. 1997. ISBN: 0500050856. [Amazon]

Juan A Barceló, Maurizio Forte and Donald H Sanders (eds.), Virtual Reality in Archaeology. Oxford: Archaeopress. 2000. ISBN 1841710474. [Amazon]

Archaeological Data Visualization in VR: The ARCHAVE System
» http://graphics.cs.brown.edu/research/sciviz/archaeology/archave/
[Link verified and viewed, 19 Feb 2007]

Narushige Shiode & Wolfram Grajetzki, ‘A Virtual Exploration of the Lost Labyrinth: Developing a Reconstructive Model of Hawara Labyrinth Pyramid Complex’
» http://www.casa.ucl.ac.uk/paper29.pdf
[Link verified and viewed, 14 Feb 2006]

Examples

On-A-Slant Virtual Village: Interactive X3D — A Social Science Education Project
» http://onaslant.ndsu.edu/x3d.html
[Link updated and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Çatalhöyük (Turkey)
“Visit OKAPI Island in the 3-D virtual environment of Second Life and explore the past and present of Catalhoyuk, a 9000-year-old village located in present-day Turkey. OKAPI Island features virtual reconstructions of the excavation site and multimedia exhibits of research data. The Island was constructed by a team of undergraduate research apprentices during the Spring and Fall 2007 semester. The Remixing Catalhoyuk program includes lectures, guided tours, games, and much more.”
» http://okapi.wordpress.com/2007/11/06/remixing-catalhoyuk-day/
[slurl] http://slurl.com/secondlife/Okapi/128/128/0
[Link verified and viewed, 10 Jan 2008]

Stonehenge (Viscape) (select views 4 and 5)
» http://www.gallica.co.uk/celts/stonehenge/shenge.htm
[Link verified and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Stonehenge (Viscape)
» http://openacademy.mindef.gov.sg/openacademy/Central/VR%20Files/VRT/stonehenge.SVR
[Link verified and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Stonehenge (Java3D)
» http://www.spheroview.com/port_stone_1.htm
Other panoramas from Spheroview can be accessed from:
» http://www.spheroview.com/port_menu.htm
[Link verified and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

METIS: Ancient Greek Archaeological Sites (Panoramic VR / QTVR)
» http://www.stoa.org/metis/
[Link updated and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Megiddo (Viscape)
» http://www.tau.ac.il/humanities/archaeology/megiddo/megiddo3d.html
[Link verified and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Explore the Mary Rose (Viscape)
“The Mary Rose Resource for 7 – 11 year olds. Supporting KS2 Study Unit – Britain and the Wider World in Tudor Times.”
» http://www.maryrose.org/explore/3dmodel/index.html
[Link verified and viewed, 19 March 2007]

A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust (QTVR)
QTVR tours of Auschwitz, Birkenau, Dachau, Oberer Kuhberg, Majdanek, Mauthausen, Treblinka, and numerous other concentration camps.
» http://fcit.usf.edu/Holocaust/resource/VR.htm
[Link verified and viewed, 28 Feb 2007]

Virtual Wroxeter Roman Fortress (Viscape)
» http://www.arch-ant.bham.ac.uk/bufau/research/bt/default.htm
[Link verified and viewed, 28 Feb 2007]

NOVA Online/Pyramids/Ancient Egypt (Panoramic VR)
» http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/pyramid/explore/age.html
[Link verified and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Tudor Hackney Virtual Reality House (Viscape) (select view 2 and view 3)
» http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/tudorhackney/index.asp
[Link verified and viewed, 22 Feb 2007]

Saint-Petersburg 300 (VRML)
A “multimedia multifunctional on-line environment dedicated to the history and today’s life of Saint-Peterburg in front of its 300th anniversary on May 2003”
» http://www.300.ru/pages/page.phtml?id=1
[Link verified and viewed, 14 March 2005]

Shakespeare Birthplace Trust: Shakespeare’s birthroom (Viscape)
» http://www.virtualexperience.co.uk/SBT/shakey.htm
[Link verified and viewed, 09 Feb 2005]

BBC Online – History (VRML & QTVR). Current exhibitions (03/10/00) are: Ironbridge, London Bridge, Medieval St. Edmund Abbey, Viking Age Farmhouse, Housestead’s Roman Fort, World War One Trench.
» http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/multimedia_zone/3ds/index.shtml
[Link verified and viewed, 09 Feb 2005]

Fossils at the Natural History Museum (VRML & QTVR)
» VRML: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/interactive/vrml/index.html
» QTVR: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/virtual-wonders/
[Links updated and viewed, 23 Feb 2007]

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